Marshall, Texas

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A Taste of Marshall, Texas

did you know?
  1. Marshall is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County in the northeastern corner of Texas. Marshall is a major cultural and educational center in East Texas and the tri-state area. As of the 2010 census, the population of Marshall was about 23,523.

  2. Marshall was a political and production center of the Confederacy during the Civil War and was a major railroad center of the T&P Railroad from the late 19th century until the mid-20th century. The city's large African American population and the presence of black institutions of higher learning made Marshall a center of the civil rights movement in the American South.

  3. (1865–1895) Despite the prosperity of the railroad era, poverty continued to be a problem in the city among all races, but tensions between whites and African Americans continued to worsen after the Democratic-dominated legislature passed segregation laws and disfranchised the blacks. The rural areas of Harrison County saw greater interaction between white people and African Americans. There, whites and blacks being neighbors was commonplace. Even though the areas surrounding Marshall were somewhat integrated, racism was imposed in everyday life. Several plantation owners divided up sizable tracts of land and gave them to their former slaves, which angered poor whites.

  4. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, children of both races had been raised to accept the status quo of racial segregation. African-American Marshall resident George Dawson later wrote about his childhood experiences with segregation in his book Life Is So Good. He described how, despite African-American children's acceptance of segregation, in some instances its demands were too outrageous to follow. For example, Dawson described how he had refused the demand of one employer who expected him to eat with her dogs. Other racist tactics were more overt; between October 1903 and August 1917 at least twelve people were lynched. Not all instances of lynching were reported by authorities, so the number is likely an undercount.

  5. In the early and mid-20th century, Marshall's traditionally black colleges were thriving intellectual and cultural centers. Three major future civil rights leaders, Martin Luther King Jr. and Jesse Jackson attended Bishop College, while James L. Farmer Jr. went to Wiley College. The writerMelvin B. Tolson, taught at Wiley and was part of the Harlem Renaissance in New York.

  6. In April 1975, years after passage of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, local businessman Sam Birmingham became the first African American to be elected to the city commission. In the 1980s, he was elected as the city's first African-American mayor. Birmingham retired in 1989 for health concerns and was succeeded by his wife, Jean Birmingham.

  7. On January 18, 2010, Dr. John Tennison, a San Antonio physician and musicologist, presented the findings of his research into the origins of Boogie Woogie music. He concludes that the music first developed in the Marshall area in the early 1870s in close connection with the T&P Railroad and the logging industry. On May 13, 2010, the Marshall City Commission unanimously passed an ordinance declaring Marshall to be "the Birthplace of Boogie Woogie."

  8. The success of the 1935 Wiley College debate team, coached by professor and poet Melvin Tolson, was the subject of a 2005 AMS Pictures documentary, The Great Debaters, The Real Great Debaters of Wiley College, which received heavy play around Texas, followed by 2007 drama movie, The Great Debaters, directed by and starring Denzel Washington. In 1935, the Wiley College debate team defeated the reigning national debate champion, the University of Southern California (depicted as Harvard University in The Great Debaters). In 2007, Denzel Washington announced a donation of $1 million to Wiley so the team could be re-established.

  9. The median income for a household in the city was $30,335, and the median income for a family was $37,438.

Radio Stations

KLHV 88.5 FM Cotton Valley, LA Christian Contemporary
KBWC 91.1 FM Marshall, TX Wiley College Urban Contemporary
KRUF 94.5 FM Shreveport, LA Top-40
KFRO 95.3 FM Gilmer, TX Top-40
KLKL 95.7 FM Minden, LA Oldies
KQHN 97.3 FM Waskom, TX Top-40
KAPW 99.3 FM White Oak, TX Top-40
KMJJ 99.7 FM Shreveport, LA Hip Hop
KZQX 100.3 FM Tatum, TX Nostalgia
KDKS 102.1 FM Blanchard, LA Urban Contemporary
KVMA 102.9 FM Shreveport, LA Urban Contemporary
KJTX 104.5 FM Jefferson, TX Gospel Music
KAZE 106.9 FM Ore City, TX Hip Hop


Demographics of Marshall, Texas

By Race



Native American



Total Population






Because Hispanics could be counted in other races, the totals above could possibly be more than 100%. If you would like a detailed listing of all ethnic groups in the U.S., please Click Here.


Old Negro (former slave) with horn with which slaves were called. Near Marshall, Texas. (Russell Lee 1903-1986 photographer. CREATED/PUBLISHED April, 1939)

Famous Blacks from Marshall, Texas


submitted articles

(BPRW) Florida Memorial University Among Select HBCUs Chosen for Distance Learning Collaboration

- FMU Joins Lumen Learning, Oakwood University and Wiley College for Online Education Initiative -

(BLACK PR WIRE) – MIAMI, FLORIDA – Florida Memorial University, Lumen Learning, Oakwood University and Wiley College have announced their collaboration in support of The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning at Wiley College, with the goal of improving online education at HBCUs through the effective use of open educational resources. The Universities are forging a new path by tapping into the wealth of high quality open education resources (OER) available today. The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning is working with OER services provider Lumen Learning to tailor online courses to the unique needs of HBCUs and the students they serve.

“Distance learning is a great way to encourage collaboration and innovation in online learning within the HBCU community,” said Dr. Roslyn Artis, president of Florida Memorial University. “Florida Memorial is excited to be partners in this initiative. It will enhance the online courses that we will begin offering on June 23rd.”

When Wiley College embarked on plans to build out its distance learning programs, faculty members found a growing body of free, high quality OER that aligned with many of the high-demand courses the College planned to offer. Seeking faculty professional development on how to use OER effectively, Wiley College joined the Kaleidoscope Project funded by Next Generation Learning Challenges (NGLC) and began collaborating with Lumen Learning and other colleges to design and improve OER-based courses.

According to Kim Thanos, CEO of Lumen Learning, OER offer several advantages over commercial textbooks for addressing challenges faced by many HBCU students. “Cost has an impact: OER are free, so no expensive commercial textbooks are required. Perhaps more importantly, OER provide faculty with the freedom to design a course that works for their students. With OER, they can excerpt, modify and rearrange course materials to align with learning objectives. They can also add elements that encourage student success, such as study aids, embedded assignments, culturally-relevant examples, and materials that fit different reading levels or learning preferences.”

Success with the Kaleidoscope Project collaboration in 2013 soon led to the creation of The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning at Wiley College. With most HBCUs relying on lean staffing and leaner budgets, distance learning programs have been largely out of reach. Leaders from Wiley College, Oakwood University and other HBCUs hope to change this picture.

“As we introduced the new OER-based online courses for Wiley College students, we saw huge potential for broader collaboration with other HBCUs,” said Dr. Glenda F. Carter, Executive Vice President and Provost at Wiley College. “We all face similar challenges with online education. Through The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning, we can share courses, materials, progress and innovation. With a pooled investment, we can get further and faster toward the outcomes we all want to see.”

HBCUs Florida Memorial University and Oakwood University have joined The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning at Wiley College. Faculty members from these and other Lumen Learning client institutions are working together to develop new OER-based courses. They plan to offer 30 new courses in summer 2014, adding to 12 already being taught across a range of high-enrollment subjects. Wiley College is in discussion with other HBCUs interested in joining the Center.

In addition to cross-institution collaboration in support of distance learning, the vision for the Center is ultimately to develop a vast catalog of online courses, programs and supplemental resources that historically black colleges and universities can use to build distance education programs more efficiently and effectively. With this collection grounded in open educational resources, each institution and instructor has greater freedom to adapt the courses and materials to their programs, preferences and students’ needs.

Through the Center, Lumen Learning provides faculty training and ongoing support to help instructors teach effective courses using OER. This support assists with instructional design, maintaining current and high quality learning content, alignment with learning outcomes, proper licensing and attribution, and ongoing improvements to courses and materials based on student success data.

“In the end, this is all about encouraging student success,” said Dr. Kim Long, Director of The Center for Excellence in Distance Learning at Wiley College. “Many of our students lack the technology and information literacy they need to succeed in both online courses and the workplace. Using OER, we are designing online courses and programs to help them develop and apply these skills as an integral part of the education we provide.”

About Florida Memorial University
Located in the City of Miami Gardens, Florida Memorial University is a private, historically Black institution offering 41 undergraduate degree programs and four graduate degree programs to a culturally diverse student body. Since its inception in 1879, the University has upheld a commitment to providing a solid foundation for thousands of young people and opening doors to educational opportunities that may have otherwise been closed to them. As South Florida’s only Historically Black College or University (HBCU), it is widely recognized for being the birthplace of the Negro National Anthem, “Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing” and the home of Barrington Irving, Jr., the first and youngest pilot of African descent to fly solo around the world. Florida Memorial University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). For more information, visit

About Lumen Learning
Lumen Learning provides sustained support for higher education and K-12 institutions to help them eliminate textbook costs, broaden access to educational materials and improve student success through the effective use of open-educational resources. Lumen’s OER Services help institutions transition high-enrollment courses to open content and provide training and support for faculty members to teach open courses and sustain the quality of these courses over time. Learn more at

About Oakwood University
Oakwood University, in Huntsville, Alabama, is a historically black, Seventh-day Adventist institution of higher learning. Originally named Oakwood Industrial School, it was founded in 1896 to educate the recently-freed African-Americans of the South. The institution’s vocational and academic programs evolved over more than a century to become Oakwood University in 2008. Today it offers quality Christian education that emphasizes academic excellence, promotes harmonious development of mind, body and spirit, and prepares leaders in service for God and humanity. US News & World Report perennially ranks Oakwood among the nation’s “Best Colleges,” both in terms of the “Historically Black Colleges and Universities” (HBCUs) and “Regional Colleges/South” categories. Oakwood also ranks among the top ten HBCUs with highest graduation rates. Learn more at

About Wiley College
Wiley College is a four-year, privately-supported, historically black college located on the west side of Marshall, Texas. Wiley College holds distinction as one of the oldest historically black colleges west of the Mississippi River. Affiliated with the United Methodist Church and committed to the principle of educational access, the College serves traditional and non-traditional students from diverse backgrounds who have expressed a desire and potential for learning in a Christian environment. The College was established with the purpose of providing a liberal arts education with a global focus. To this end, it endeavors to maintain an intellectually stimulating environment, promoting student competencies in communication, as well as critical and analytical thinking. The College also supports spiritual, ethical, moral and leadership development. Visit us at

For more information about FMU’s involvement with the Center for Excellence Distance Learning Collaboration, contact Erica McKinney at 305-626-3626 or via e-mail at


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Businesses in Marshall, Texas

A small percentage of the businesses listed on may not necessarily be black owned and operated but have received favorable reviews from users who have visited the establishment, or from the owners themselves who warmly seek out African American patronage.


  1. Studio 1 Hair Salon -  Category: Black Hair Salons -   - 701 E Austin St Marshall, TX 75670 (903) 938-2887  - (reviews)



  1. Wiley College -  Category: Historically Black College -   711 Wiley Avenue, Marshall, Texas 75670 (903) 927-3300  - (visit website)



  1. Maverick Deli in Brookshire's -  Category: Southern, Soul Food -   905 East Pinecrest Dr Marshall, TX 75670 (903) 938-1736

  2. P & J Lunchroom -  Category: Soul Food Restaurants -   506 E Travis St Marshall, TX 75671 (903) 927-2553   - (reviews)

  3. Stacey's Cafe and Sweets -  Category: Desserts, Ice Cream, Sandwiches, Subs, Southern, Soul Food -   200C West Pinecrest Marshall, TX 75670 (903) 935-7933

  4. Stoker's Downhome Cooking & Bar-B-Q -  Category: American, Barbecue, Southern, Soul Food -   1109 W Grand Ave Marshall, TX 75670 (903) 927-1315



LISA BARRON, Marshall Texas Gospel Vocalist


Jobs from Indeed




  1. Faith Works Ministries -  404 Forest Terrace Marshall, TX 75672 (903) 938-4293

  2. Marshall Full Gospel Holy Temple -  3949 W. Pincecrest Drive Marshall, Texas 75670 (903) 927-2717   - (visit website)

  3. Victory Drive Church of God In Christ -  3901 Victory Dr Marshall, TX 75672 (903) 938-3081

  4. Ward Chapel AME Church -  501 S Allen Blvd Marshall, TX 75670 (903) 938-2735   - (visit website)



  1. .Madi Wall, Marshall TX Full Gospel Choir & Anna Lomax Wood    (visit website)


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