Oak Ridge was established in 1942 as a production site for the Manhattan Project—the massive U.S. government operation that developed the atomic bomb. Scientific development still plays a crucial role in the city's economy and culture in general.
Oak Ridge was developed by the federal government as a segregated community. Black residents lived only in an area known as Gamble Valley and lived predominantly in government-built "hutments" (one-room shacks) on the south side of what is now Tuskegee Drive. Oak Ridge elementary education prior to 1954 was totally segregated; black children could only attend the Scarboro Elementary School. Oak Ridge High School was closed to black children, who had to be bussed out to Knoxville for an education. Starting in 1950, Scarboro High School operated for African American students at Scarboro Elementary School. It operated until Oak Ridge High School was desegregated in the fall of 1955. In 1953, an abortive attempt had made by the Oak Ridge Town Council to encourage the desegregation of Oak Ridge High School; this resulted in an unsuccessful attempt to recall one of the Council members, Waldo Cohn. It took the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education to change the federal government's stance in this matter.After the Brown decision, the nearby high school in Clinton, TN was desegregated in the fall of 1956 and later bombed, closing it down. To its credit, Oak Ridge then provided space for the education of high school students from Clinton for two years while Clinton High School was being rebuilt at its Linden Elementary School. Robertsville Junior High School, serving the west half of Oak Ridge, was desegregated at the same time as the high school. Elementary schools in other parts of the city and Jefferson Junior High School, serving the east half of the city, were desegregated slowly as African American families moved into housing outside of Gamble Valley until, in 1967, Scarboro Elementary School was closed and African American Students from Gamble Valley were bused to other schools around the city. In the years after Brown, public accommodations in Oak Ridge were also integrated, although this took a number of years. In the early 1960s, Oak Ridge experienced briefly protest picketing against racial segregation in public accommodations, notably outside a local cafeteria and a laundromat
The federal government projects at Oak Ridge are reduced in size and scope, but are still the city's principal economic activity and one of the biggest employers in the Knoxville metropolitan area. The Department of Energy owns the federal sites and maintains a major office in the city.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,950, and the median income for a family was $57,087.
WYLV 88.3 FM Maynardville, TN Christian Contemporary
WOFM 89.1 FM Alcoa, TN Christian Contemporary
WJBZ 96.3 FM Seymour, TN Gospel Music
WMTY 98.3 FM Sweetwater, TN Oldies
WOKI 98.7 FM Oliver Springs, TN News/Talk
WNML 99.1 FM Loudon, TN Sports
WNOX 100.3 FM Oak Ridge, TN News/Talk
WWST 102.1 FM Sevierville, TN Top-40
WKHT 104.5 FM Knoxville, TN Hip Hop
WKXV 900 AM Knoxville, TN Gospel Music
WECO 940 AM Wartburg, TN Gospel Music
WNML 990 AM Knoxville, TN Sports
WBBX 1410 AM Kingston, TN Gospel Music
A small percentage of the businesses listed on BlackCityInfo.com may not necessarily be black owned and operated but have received favorable reviews from users who have visited the establishment, or from the owners themselves who warmly seek out African American patronage.
BEAUTY CARE - BLACK HAIR SALONS - MULTICULTURAL
Fade to Black - Category: Hair Salons - 146 Bus Terminal Rd, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (865) 483-8693 - (visit website)
Mahogany Hair Designs - Category: Hair Salons - 1964 Oak Ridge Tpke, Oak Ridge, TN, 37830 (865) 482-1617
BLACK BUSINESSES - SERVICES - VENDORS ETC.
Blacks in Government, Oak Ridge Chapter - Category: Community Services - P. O. Box 5853, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-5853 (865) 924-2987 - (visit website)
DINING - CATERING
Brickyard Bar-b-Que - Category: BBQ - 80 E Tennessee Ave. Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (865) 685-0605 - (reviews)
Sweet P's Barbeque & Soul House - Category: Soul Food Restaurants - Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (931) 320-3288
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