Youngstown is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Mahoning County; it also extends into Trumbull County. The 2010 census showed that Youngstown had a total population of 66,982, making it Ohio's ninth largest city.
Youngstown was named for New York native John Young, who surveyed the area in 1796 and settled there soon after. On February 9, 1797, Young purchased the township of 15,560 acres from the Western Reserve Land Company for $16,085. The 1797 establishment of Youngstown was officially recorded on August 19, 1802.
Peopling of the valley:
The growth of industry attracted people from within the borders of the United States, and from Latin America. By the late 19th century, African Americans were well represented in Youngstown, and the first local congregation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was established in 1871. In the 1880s, local attorney William R. Stewart was the second African American elected to the Ohio House of Representatives. A large influx of African Americans in the early 20th century owed much to developments in the industrial sector. During the national Steel Strike of 1919, local industrialists recruited thousands of workers from the South, many of whom were Black. This move inflamed racist sentiment among local Whites, and for decades, African-American steelworkers experienced discrimination in the workplace.
In line with these efforts to change the community's image, the city government, in partnership with the university, has organized an ambitious urban renewal plan titled Youngstown 2010. The stated goals of Youngstown 2010 include the creation of a "cleaner, greener, and better planned and organized Youngstown". In January 2005, the organization unveiled its "master plan", which took shape in the course of several public meetings that featured input from citizens. The plan, which received national attention, is consistent with efforts in other metropolitan areas to address the phenomenon of urban depopulation. Given that the communities to the south and west of the city continue to enjoy a measure of economic prosperity, supporters of such projects hold out hope for the revitalization of Youngstown.
Endowed with large deposits of coal and iron as well as "old growth" hardwood forests needed to produce charcoal, the Youngstown area eventually developed a thriving steel industry. The area's first blast furnace was established to the east of town in 1803 by James and Daniel Heaton. In time, the availability of fossil fuels contributed to the development of other coal-fired mills, including the Youngstown Rolling Mill Company, which was established in 1846. By the mid-19th century, Youngstown was the site of several iron industrial plants, notably David Tod's Brier Hill Iron & Coal Company. The iron industry continued to expand in the 1890s, despite the depletion of local natural resources. Numerous rail connections ensured a consistent supply of coal and iron ore from neighboring states.
The median household income is $24,201, and the median family income $30,701; but the average per capita income for the city is $13,293. Males have a median income of $29,900 and females $21,050. About 24.8% of the population lives below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 37.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
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This captures the real impact and transformation that urban gardens can have on blighted neighborhoods, including this neighborhood in Youngstown, Ohio.
Bradley's Bookoutlet Booksigning
Date: Saturday, September 6, 2014
Begin Time: 1:00 PM
End Time: 4:00 PM
Venue: Bradley's Bookoutlet, Southern Park Mall
Address: 7401 Market Street Youngstown, Ohio
Author Sean Dubois Day will sign copies of his fiction thriller, TALES FROM THE JOINT
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My Website consist of over five hundred lectures and documentaries by great Black Historian, Scholars, Griots, herbalists and Metaphysicists. Among them are Dr. John H. Clark, Dr. Yosef Ben Jochannan, Dr. Leonard jeffries,Dr. Amos Wilson,Bobby Hemmitt, Phil Valentine and hundreds of others. Over the weekend of Labor Day, I will be visiting family and friends in Youngstown, Ohio with a wholesale list of the most informative, educational lectures from my Website for you, your family or anyone who may be interested. E-mail below for the wholesale DVD list.
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