Durham is a city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the fifth largest city in the state of North Carolina and the 85th largest in the United States by population, with 229,174 residents.
Large plantations, Hardscrabble, Cameron, and Leigh among them, were established in the antebellum period. By 1860, Stagville Plantation lay at the center of one of the largest plantation holdings in the South. African slaves were brought to labor on these farms and plantations, and slave quarters became the hearth of distinctively Southern cultural traditions involving crafts, social relations, life rituals, music, and dance. There were free African-Americans in the area as well, including several who fought in the Revolutionary War.
Durham quickly developed a vibrant Black community, the center of which was an area known as 'Hayti' (pronounced HAY-tie), just south of the center of town, where some of the most prominent and successful black-owned businesses in the country during the early 20th century were established. These businesses — the best known of which are North Carolina Mutual Insurance Company and Mechanics & Farmers' Bank — were centered on Parrish St., which would come to be known as "Black Wall Street." In 1910, Dr. James E. Shepard founded North Carolina Central University, the nation's first publicly supported liberal arts college for African-Americans.
As a result of its substantial African-American community, a prominent Civil Rights movement developed in Durham. Multiple sit-ins were held, and Martin Luther King, Jr., visited the city during the struggle for equal rights. The Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People, organized in 1935 by C.C. Spaulding and James E. Shepard, has been cited nationally for its role in the sit-in movements of the 1950s–60s. The committee also has used its voting strength to pursue social and economic rights for African-Americans and other ethnic groups. In the late 1950s, Douglas E. Moore, minister of Durham's Asbury Temple Methodist Church, along with other religious and community leaders, pioneered sit-ins throughout North Carolina to protest discrimination at lunch counters that served only whites.
Widely credited as the first sit-in of the Civil Rights Movement, on June 23, 1957, Moore and six others assembled at the church to plan the protest. The young African Americans moved over to the segregated Royal Ice Cream Parlor and took up whites-only booths. When they refused to budge, the manager called the police who charged them with trespassing. Unlike the Greensboro Four, three years later, the Royal Seven were arrested and ultimately found guilty of trespassing.
The six-month long sit-in at a Woolworth's counter in Greensboro, NC, captured the nation's attention. Within days, Martin Luther King Jr. met Moore in Durham, where King coined his famous rallying cry "Fill up the jails," during a speech at White Rock Baptist Church. Advocating non-violent confrontation with segregation laws for the first time, King said, "Let us not fear going to jail. If the officials threaten to arrest us for standing up for our rights, we must answer by saying that we are willing and prepared to fill up the jails of the South."
WSHA 88.9 FM Raleigh, NC Shaw University Jazz
WNCU 90.7 FM Durham, NC Jazz
WQOK 97.5 FM Carrboro, NC Hip Hop
WCMC 99.9 FM Holly Springs, NC Sports
WPLW 102.5 FM Hillsborough, NC Top-40
WCOM (LPFM) 103.5 FM Chapel Hill, NC Variety
WFXK 104.3 FM Tarboro, NC Urban Contemporary
WFXC 107.1 FM Durham, NC Urban Contemporary
W299AQ (WRTP) 107.7 FM Christian Contemporary
W300AR (WRTP) 107.9 FM Durham, NC Christian Contemporary
WPTF 680 AM Raleigh, NC News/Talk
WRJD 1410 AM Durham, NC Gospel Music
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BEAUTY CARE - HAIR SALONS - MULTICULTURAL
African Nubian Queens Hair - Category: Black Hair Salon - 341 W Main Street # 10 - Durham, NC 27701 (919) 680-4747
Amaka's International Hair - Extension & precision cuts. Wireless internet service available- 1906 Highway 54 Suite 100A Durham, North Carolina (919) 806-5312
American Hair Braiding - Category: Black Hair Salon - 529 Reynolds Avenue - Durham, NC 27707 (919) 419-9809
Classic Cuts - Category: Black Hair Salon - 1200 Leon Street - Durham, NC 27705 (919) 220-3257
Elegance N Profile - 200 Seven Oaks Rd. Apt. 15H Durham, North Carolina (919) 402-3635
Hollywood Stylz - Category: Black Hair Salon - 3515 Witherspoon Boulevard - Durham, NC 27707 (919) 402-8104
Las Mariposas Salon De Belleza - Category: Black Hair Salon - 2697 Chapel Hll Blvd - Durham, NC 27707 (919) 490-6343
Lavish Hair Spa - Specializing in locs and twist.- 811 Ninth St Suite 130 - Durham, NC 27705 (919) 286-2590
Nubian Natural Hair Gallery - Loc upkeep, cornrow, twists- 1920 E. Hwy 54 - Durham, North Carolina 27713 (919) 225-7623 - (visit website)
Styles By Patti - 3302 University Drive Ste A - Durham, North Carolina (919) 401-4247
The Body Café - Category: African American Spa - 3400 Westgate Drive - Durham, NC (919) 493-7900
The Sapphire Spa & Retreat - Category: African American Spa - 20109 Knox Road - Cornelius, NC (704) 987-0006
Wigs By Joy Marie - Category: Hair Care - We specialize in custom-made wigs,alterations and protective styling.Braids, Sewins, Twists, Crochet hair styling, Rod Sets. Natural hair care for the entire family N.Roxboro Rd. Durham, North Carolina (984)-244-0122 - (visit website)
BLACK BUSINESSES - SERVICES - VENDORS ETC.
African American Dance Ensemble - Category: Dance - AADE's mission is to preserve and share the finest traditions of African and African American Dance and Music through research, education, performance and entertainment; to focus on the health and education of our community. Our purpose is to help our youth become more active through dance and the arts. With our motto: "Peace, Love, Respect for Everybody" the Ensemble celebrates traditional African culture, aesthetics and values to encourage cross-cultural dialogue, cooperation and understanding. - 120 Morris Street - Durham, NC (919) 560-2729 - (visit website)
Carnival Delights - Carnival Delights serves carnival style foods : Hershey ice cream, New Orleans style snoballs, chili dogs, fries, cotton candy, hand-dipped corndogs, candy apples, and more - 5324 New Hope Commons Drive Suite 2, Durham, NC (919) 419-9048
The Know Bookstore - Category: Black Bookstore - The oldest black-owned bookstore in North Carolina. The connecting restaurant serves traditional soul food and seafood. - 2520 Fayetteville Street - Durham, NC 27707 (919) 682-7223 - (visit website)
Coleman’s - An impressive list of soul food items such as macaroni and cheese, cabbage, fish, colard greens and the list goes on. Good homemade cooking. - 1006 East Pettigrew Street - Durham, NC (919) 683-9698
Country Junction - Ever eat a Soul breakfast? This is the place to go! - 4821 Highway 55, Durham, NC (919) 544-6012
Dillard's Bar-B-Que - Good ole Cobbler pie, chicken, ribs and much, much more. - 3921 Fayetteville Street, Durham, NC (919) 544-1587
Parrish Street Take-Out - Good home cooking that will bring back to memory all of those fun family feasts. - 11o East Parrish Street Durham, NC 27701 (919) 683-3000
- (watch video)
Rosa's Soul Food Cafe - Soul Food Restaurant - 201 S Dillard St - Durham, NC 27701 (919) 956-7882
The Know Bookstore - Category: Black Bookstore - Soul Food - The oldest black-owned bookstore in North Carolina. The connecting restaurant serves traditional soul food and seafood. - 2520 Fayetteville Street - Durham, NC 27707 (919) 682-7223 - (visit website)
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