Jackson or Jackson City, is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The current slogan for the city is Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul. According to July 1, 2008 estimates, the city's population was 173,861.
In 1875 the Red Shirts were formed, one of a second wave of insurgent paramilitary organizations that essentially operated as "the military arm of the Democratic Party" to take back political power from the Republicans and to drive blacks from the polls. Democrats regained control of the state legislature in 1876. The constitutional convention of 1890, which produced Mississippi's Constitution of 1890, was also held at the capitol. This was the first of new constitutions or amendments ratified in southern states through 1908 that effectively disfranchised African Americans and poor whites, through provisions making voter registration more difficult: such as poll taxes, residency requirements, and literacy tests. These provisions survived a Supreme Court challenge in 1898. As 20th century Supreme Court decisions began to find such provisions unconstitutional, Mississippi and other southern states rapidly devised new methods to continue disfranchisement of most blacks.
The highly acclaimed African-American author Richard Wright, a native of Roxie, Mississippi, lived in Jackson as an adolescent and young man in the 1910s and 1920s. He related his experience in his memoir Black Boy (1945). He described the harsh and largely terror-filled life poor African Americans experienced in the South and northern ghettos under segregation in the early 20th century.
Since 1960, Jackson has undergone a series of dramatic changes and growth. As the state capital, it became a site for civil rights activism that was heightened by mass demonstrations during the 1960s. On May 24, 1961, during the African-American Civil Rights Movement, more than 300 Freedom Riders were arrested in Jackson for disturbing the peace after they disembarked from their bus. They were riding the bus to demonstrate against segregation on public transportation. Although the Freedom Riders had intended New Orleans, Louisiana as their final destination, Jackson was the farthest that any of them managed to travel.
In Jackson, shortly after midnight on June 12, 1963, Medgar Evers, civil rights activist and leader of the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP, was murdered by Byron De La Beckwith, a white supremacist. Thousands marched in his funeral procession to protest the killing.
Mississippi continued segregation and the disfranchisement of most African Americans until after the Civil Rights Movement gained passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Acts of 1965. In June 1966, Jackson was also the terminus of the James Meredith March, organized by James Meredith, the first African-American to enroll at the University of Mississippi. The march, which began in Memphis, Tennessee, was an attempt to garner support for implementation of civil rights legislation.
In 1997, Harvey Johnson, Jr. became the city's first African-American mayor. During his term, he proposed the creation of a convention center, in hopes of attracting business to the city. In 2004, during his second term, 66 percent of the voters passed a referendum for a tax to build the Convention Center. As a result of this vote, many new development projects are underway in Downtown Jackson.
Jackson, Mississippi received its first Mississippi Blues Trail designation. The ceremony was held and the historic marker placed on the former site of the Subway Lounge on Pearl Street. The Subway Lounge was in the basement of the old Summers Hotel, one of two hotels available as lodging to blacks before desegregation when it opened in 1943. In the 1960s, the hotel added a lounge in the basement that featured jazz. In the 1980s, when the lounge was revived, it was catered to late night blues performers. In 2002, the Subway Lounge was filmed for a documentary entitled Last of the Mississippi Jukes.
Jackson is a city famous for its music – including Gospel, Blues, and R&B. Jackson is also home to the world famous Malaco Records recording studio. Many notable musicians hail from Jackson.
Jackson Advocate – weekly newspaper and nation's oldest newspaper serving the state's African-American community.
Jackson Free Press – free newsweekly tabloid featuring heavy content on arts and entertainment
The Mississippi Link – weekly newspaper serving the state's African American community
Jackson ranks number 10 in the nation in concentration of African-American same-sex couples.
Jackson possesses a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. Rain occurs throughout the year, though the winter and spring are the wettest seasons, and the late summer and early autumn is usually the driest time of the year. Snow is rare, and accumulation very seldom lasts more than a day. Much of Jackson's rainfall occurs during thunderstorms.
88.5 WJSU: Jazz; National Public Radio
90.1 WMPR: Blues, Urban contemporary gospel, Talk, Variety
93.5 WHJT (Star 93.5): Contemporary Christian music
95.5 WHLH (95.5 Hallelujah FM): Urban contemporary gospel
97.7 WRBJ-FM: Hip-Hop
98.7 WJKK: Adult Contemporary
99.7 WJMI: Hip-Hop
100.5 WRTM: Urban Adult Contemporary
100.9 WJXN (K-LOVE): Contemporary Christian music
101.7 WYOY (Y101): Top 40, Pop
105.1 WQJQ (Q-105): Oldies
107.5 WKXI-FM (Kixie 107): R&B, Soul
850 WQST: southern gospel
1150 WONG: gospel
1180 WJNT: news-talk
1300 WOAD: gospel
1370 WMGO: gospel
City of Jackson Passes Ordinance to Protect Citizens
- Council Responds to Call for Better Hate Crime Reporting Across the Country -
(JACKSON, Miss.) – In response to growing concerns over how hate crimes are reported nationwide, the Jackson City Council unanimously passed an ordinance today requiring that local law enforcement officials undergo training to accurately report and document hate crimes committed in the city.
The ordinance, sponsored by Councilman De’Keither Stamps, requires officers to complete training on the nature of hate crimes, identifying victims and perpetrators of hate crimes, and the procedures for recording hate crime statistics. It also requires the police chief to develop guidelines for collecting and documenting hate crime data.
“Our State has a deep-rooted history of racially-motivated crimes including the murder of Emmet Till, the assassination of Medgar Evers and the brutal murder of James Craig Anderson, said Council President DeKeither Stamps. “Today’s passage of this ordinance will ensure an efficient process and system to accurately report hate crimes, so we can encourage victims of these malicious acts to report these occurrences and be more proactive in fighting these malicious acts.”
The measure will also require the police department to provide an annual report to the city council on the occurrence of hate crimes committed in the city.
A resolution honoring the life of James Craig Anderson will be considered at the next city council meeting. In 2011, Anderson was murdered by a group of white teenagers who routinely led racially motivated attacks against black people in Jackson. Those involved were later convicted under the Matthew Shepard-James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act. The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) represented the Anderson family in a civil lawsuit, which ended in a confidential settlement in 2012.
“Mississippi has a long history of hate crimes perpetrated against individuals based on the color of their skin, even in recent years,” said Jody Owens, managing attorney for the SPLC’s Mississippi office. “The city ordinance is an important measure to ensure local law enforcement officials are provided proper training on identifying hate crimes and ensuring that these crimes are documented accurately in their reports. We hope cities across the nation will take similar steps to protect even more U.S. citizens.”
According to the FBI’s most recent annual hate crime report, which is based on voluntary reporting by law enforcement agencies across the country, there were 5,928 hate crimes committed in 2013, including four in Mississippi. But, according to the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Statistics, those numbers vastly underestimate the problem – pointing to flaws in the national system for collecting and reporting this data. A comprehensive analysis in 2013 showed that about 260,000 people are victimized each year by hate crime.
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BEAUTY CARE - HAIR SALONS - MULTICULTURAL
BB's Hair Braiding - Stylist: Ms B.B. - 1060 E County Line Rd Suite 20, Jackson MS 39211 (601) 977-4909 Cell: (601) 717-0004
- (visit website)
Hair Plus Beauty Supply - Category: Black Beauty Supply - 1335 Ellis Ave.
Jackson, Mississippi, (601) 355-3548
Hair Plus Beauty Supply - Category: Black Beauty Supply - 2867 McDowell Road
Jackson, Mississippi, (601) 371-7703
Hair Plus Beauty Supply - Category: Black Beauty Supply - 2469 Livingston Road
Jackson, Mississippi, (601) 362-9118
Hair Unique - Stylist: Andrea Henderson - 3056 Terry Road, Jackson MS (601) 346-0310
Kreatyve Karactorz Hair Studio - Category: Black Hair Salon - 4125 Northside Drive
Jackson, Mississippi, 39209 (601) 720-0556
Le Chic Hair Gallery - 5731 Old Canton Rd., Ste. 102, Jackson MS (601) 655-4953
Natural U Salon - Category: Black Hair Salon - 5440-D Executive Place
Suite B2 Jackson, MS 39206 (769) 251-5446
Shanta’s - Category: Black Hair Salon - 140 Stratford Drive
Jackson, Mississippi (601) 559-9797
BLACK BUSINESSES - SERVICES - VENDORS ETC.
Adhiambo Bookstore - Category: African American Bookstore - 3424 Robinson St. Jackson, Ms 39209-6731
Drum Circle Store - Category: African-American Products - A convenient store with a Bohemian flavor. You can purchase products from my store that other competitors don?t carry. You can also listen to the sounds and rhythms of the Drum Circle that I facilitate for local area percussionist and other artist, weekly on Sat. and Sun. evening starting at 5:00 PM-9:00 PM. - 270 Raymond Rd., Jackson, Mississippi (601) 519-1771 - (visit website)
Foster Life Coaching - Category: Consultant - Foster Life Coaching provides Certified Life Coaching for Businesses, Individuals, and Organizations. For those who want to become a Life Coach, this service is provided as well with certification through Certified Coaches Alliance, Rhema International Group for $599 - 1528 Gallery Place Jackson, Mississippi (517) 775-3321 - (visit website)
Jackson Advocate - Category: African American Newspaper - Post Office Box 3708, Jackson, MS, 39207 (601) 948-4122
Jackson State University - Category: Historically Black College - 1440 J R Lynch St, Jackson, Mississippi 39217 (601) 979-2121 - (visit website)
Quest Fitness Clubs - Category: Fitness - Mississippi's Elite African American owned and operated Fitness clubs. Locations featuring Private ladies workout, Saunas, Steamrooms, 24/7 Access, Personal Training, Smootie Bars and Restaaurants, Full Weekly Schedules of Dance, Aerobic and Martial Arts Classes! - 5225 Hwy. 18 S, Jackson, Mississippi (601) 983-3337 - (visit website)
The Mississippi Enterprise - Category: African American Newspaper - 540 1/2 North Farish Street, Post Office Box 3313, Jackson, MS, 39207 (601) 371-3878
DINING - CATERING - BBQ - SOUL FOOD
Big Apple Inn - 509 N. Farish Street, Jackson, MS 39202
Big Apple Inn - 4487 N. State St., Jackson, MS 39206
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